Research Guide for

COMM 1101 Fundamentals of Public Speaking (White)

Find Background Information

Credo Reference
Credo logoCredo Reference contains dictionaries, general and subject encyclopedias, biographies, handbooks, atlases, and more.

Britannica Academic (Encyclopedia Britannica)
Encyclopedia BritannicaOnline version of the complete Encyclopædia Britannica providing coverage of most subjects. Also provides access to Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, Collegiate Thesaurus, and the Britannica Book of the Year.

Salem History
Salem History is an online database of full-text reference e-books and primary sources on American history and world history.

Gale eBooks
Gale eBooks is a collection of full-text e-books including encyclopedias, dictionaries, and other reference books in biography, history, literature, medicine, and more.

Find Articles or Books

Find Articles

ProQuest News & Newspapers

Academic Search Premier
Academic Search Premier is a multi-disciplinary database designed specifically for academic institutions. It includes articles from academic journals, popular magazines, and major newspapers.

Article Databases by Subject
All of the library's online collections, organized by subject.

Find Books

Book Search

Book Search searches the listing of books and ebooks available at the Normandale Library.

Note: Book Search results include both online ebooks and paper books available for pickup at the library. Follow these instructions to request a paper book (PDF) be held for pickup.

Research Reminders

Research is a process. You probably won’t find everything you need on the first try. You may have to try several of these databases and search options mentioned above to find all the information you need.

The following resources cover using keywords and evaluating sources for credibility.

Choosing and Using Keywords

Evaluate Source Credibility

Evaluate each source you use with CAPPS!
Consider the source's –
C = Currency
A = Author
P = Publication
P = Point of View
S = Sources

More info about CAPPS pdf

Ask a Librarian

Call, e-mail, or chat with a librarian for more research assistance. We're happy to help!

  (952) 358-8290


photo of DavidDavid Vrieze Daniels
Reference and Instruction Librarian

Note: Your chat question may be directed to a librarian from another college when Normandale librarians are unavailable.

Access Databases from Off Campus

Access Databases from Off Campus
In order to access databases and other Library resources from off campus, login with your StarID and password when prompted.  Off-campus access to library databases is only available to current Normandale students, staff, and faculty.

Cite your Sources

MLA Quick Guide
See MLA citation examples for the most common types of sources (8th edition).

APA Quick Guide (PDF)
A guide to APA citation format based on the 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual.

Oral Citations

In the same way that you cite courses for a paper, you should cite your sources when speaking in public. Since you can't hand your audience a bibiliogrpahy after your speech, you will need to give credit to your source while speaking.

If you are directly quoting one of your sources, or more generally using words, information, or ideas that come from one of your sources, you must give an oral citation. If you are able, inlude additional information that helps to establish the credibility of your source, such as an author's experience and credentials, or the impact of a book or journal.

Your citation should inlude:
Title (book, journal/magazine, web site, etc.)
Date (a website might only have the last date that it was updated rather than a publication date- that is ok)


Noriko Osami, in her article from the March 21, 2018 of the premier science journal Nature defines...

In his James Beard Award-winning essay for food journalism, Mayukh Sen described...

On the page about Corn facts dated 2018, the Minnesota Corn Grower's Association's map of corn production totals shows...