Provides full-text articles from journals published by the American Psychological Association and its affiliated associations.
Google Scholar allows you to search the Web for peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, abstracts, and articles available from academic publishers, professional societies, preprint repositories, universities and other scholarly organizations.
Click on "Full-Text @ NCC Library" to locate the item through the Normandale Library subscriptions. Only items for which Normandale Library has a current subscription will be available for free.
Note: When accessing from off campus, you will be directed to log into the library site before with your StarID and password before you can search in Google Scholar.
Find an Article from a Major News Org
Provides full text coverage of thousands of U.S. newspapers.
Types of Sources
Within the broad discourse of a field, there are many different kinds of sources. In academic writing, we usually divide sources into academic or scholarly sources, and popular sources. One central difference is that academic and scholarly sources go through a process called peer review, while popular sources do not.
What is the difference between scholarly sources and popular sources? The Georgetown University Library has a good comparison between the two here.
- Written by non-experts for a general audience, oftentimes journalists or popular writers
- If an article, published in popular magazines or newspapers (Time, Popular Mechanics, The New York Times) or, if a book, by popular publishing houses (Penguin, Random House)
- Not edited or reviewed by experts before publication
- Often contain no references
- Often have advertising or look flashy and eye-catching
- Written by experts (usually professors) for an academic audience
- If an article, published in an academic journal (The Journal of Academic Emergency Medicine, PMLA, The New England Journal of Medicine) or, if a book, by an academic or university press (Routledge, Oxford University Press)
- If an article, will undergo peer review (see below)
- Edited and reviewed by other experts before publication
- Contain references
- Have minimal or no advertising; look very plain.
What is peer review? The publisher Elsevier has a good overview here. Peer review a process where an academic article is reviewed and edited before it is published in an academic journal. This is a unique process that isn't done by any other type of publication. The article is reviewed by other experts in the field, usually other professors or working professionals. If it doesn't meet high academic standards or contains bad information, it is sent back to the author for revision, or outright rejected. This process ensures that only the best articles are published by academic journals.
Within scholarly sources, there is also the distinction between primary sources and secondary sources. Within the sciences, this is offen the difference between original research and reviews. The BMCC library has a good overview of the difference between primary and secondary sources here.
Primary Research/Original Research
- Experiments, clinical trials, original research conducted by the authors.
- Contains sections about methodology, materials, results, and discussion.
- Reviews and interprets someone else's original research.
- Summarizes multiple different studies.
- Does not contain methodology, results, or discussion sections.
Evaluate Source Credibility
Consider the source's –
A = Author
P = Publication
P = Point of View
S = Sources
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APA, MLA & ASA CITATION GUIDES
As you write your paper, you'll need to cite passages and ideas from the sources you've found. Check with your professor which style is preferred for your class or subject matter.
Access Databases from Off Campus
In order to access databases and other Library resources from off campus, login with your StarID and password when prompted. Off-campus access to library databases is only available to current Normandale students, staff, and faculty.
Get More Articles and Books
If there are books and/or articles that you need for your research that Normandale Library does not own, you can request them through Interlibrary Loan. It usually takes from 3 to 5 days for the requested material to arrive at Normandale Library. This service is free to faculty, staff, and students.
Blank Request Form (StarID login)