Selected dictionaries, encyclopedias, and reference books in many subjects.
Articles from dictionaries, general and subject encyclopedias, handbooks, atlases, and more.
Articles for Historical Context
Scholarly articles and ebooks in the social sciences, humanities, earth and biological sciences, and more. Incorporates image results from Artstor.
American History (Infobase)
American political, military, social, and cultural history including daily life in America. Includes topic overviews, timelines, charts and maps, and some primary sources.
African American History
500 years of African-American history.
American Indian History (Infobase)
American Indian history and cultures from first contact with colonizers to the present. Includes topic overviews, timelines, charts and maps, some primary sources, and a tribe index.
Minnesota History Magazine Index
Scholarly magazine on Minnesota history. Browse this A-Z topic index to find links to articles that mention topics, people, or places of interest. Index covers articles published from 1915-2017. For more recent articles, browse each issue online at the Minnesota History archive by date.
Online Archive & Index
Minnesota History: The Quarterly of the Minnesota Historical Society (print)
Minnesota History: The Quarterly of the Minnesota Historical Society is a peer-reviewed magazine. Normandale Library owns print issues from 1925-present. The most recent issue can be found in the Magazine Collection. For older issues, as at the Circulation Desk.
Primary Sources for Minnesota History
A searchable database of photographs, art and posters covering Minnesota history.
Minnesota History Center LibGuides
These guides will help you find sources (primary and secondary) for a variety of topics related to Minnesota history.
Digital Public Library of America - Primary Source Sets
Selected primary source materials organized by topic. From notable archives, museums, and libraries across the country.
HathiTrust Digital Library
Digital collections of the libraries of major research universities.
Archives Unbound - FBI Files (Gale Primary Sources)
Minnesota Digital Library – formerly Minnesota Reflections
Images, maps, documents, and other primary sources from Minnesota history.
Minnesota Historical Newspapers Hub
Full-text issues of Minnesota Newspapers dated back to 1849 and up to 1925
Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers
Images of selected historical newspaper pages from 1777-1963. Use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find out which newspapers existed in a specific place and time (1690-present).
Refine Your Topic
Refining Your Topic
Use this guide from Golden Gate University for addtional tips and information for refining your topic.
Primary vs. Secondary Sources
Can be Qualitative or Quantitative Data
Examples: Diaries, speeches, photographs, census data, and other government documents, newspaper articles
Secondary Sources: Produced after the event and analyze or interpret in some way.
Examples: biographies, scholarly Articles, encyclopedias, newspapers
Ask a Librarian
Call, e-mail, or chat with a librarian for more research assistance. We're happy to help!
Reference and Instruction Librarian
Note: Your chat question may be directed to a librarian from another college when Normandale librarians are unavailable.
Access Databases from Off Campus
In order to access databases and other Library resources from off campus, login with your StarID and password when prompted. Off-campus access to library databases is only available to current Normandale students, staff, and faculty.
Scholarly and Popular Sources
Evaluate Source Credibility
Consider the source's –
A = Author
P = Publication
P = Point of View
S = Sources
Cite your Sources (MLA)
See MLA citation examples for the most common types of sources (8th edition).
MLA Formatting and Style Guide (OWL at Purdue)
This website offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, and the Works Cited page. Uses MLA 9th edition.
Cite your Sources (Chicago)
A guide to Chicago-style citations (both footnote-bibliography and author-date). Each example shows a full note, shortened note, and bibliography entry.
Chicago Manual of Style Guide (OWL Purdue)
A guide to the Chicago citation style, based on the Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition).